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Fusion Science and Technology
Cs-137 sealed source lost in Western Australia
A rendering of the sealed source capsule’s appearance. (Image: DFES)
Authorities are searching 1,400 kilometers (870 miles) of Australia’s Great Northern Highway, between Perth and the remote town of Newman, for a lost sealed-source capsule containing cesium-137. The source was part of a density gauge used by mining company Rio Tinto at its mining operations in Western Australia.
The Department of Fire and Emergency Services (DFES) of Western Australia reported that the density gauge containing a 6-mm-diameter (0.24-inch-diameter) by 8-mm-height (0.31-inch-height) source capsule was sent by flatbed truck to Perth for repair, leaving Rio Tinto’s Gudai-Darri mine site in Western Australia on January 12 and arriving in Perth on January 16. The package containing the gauge, however, was not inspected until January 25.
Upon opening the package, it was found that the gauge was broken apart with one of four mounting bolts missing. The source itself and all screws on the gauge were also missing. It is assumed that vibrations from the truck broke the gauge apart and allowed the screws and capsule to fall through the bolt hole and away from the truck. DFES said they were notified of the loss on the evening of January 25.
H. Jin, Y. Wu, J. Qin, F. Liu, F. Long, M. Yu, Q. Han, C. Huang
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 74 | Number 3 | October 2018 | Pages 211-218
Technical Note | doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1421365
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Modified stainless steel 316LN is selected as a candidate material for the China Fusion Engineering Test Reactor (CFETR) central solenoid model coil (CSMC) because of the high strength combined with good ductility at cryogenic temperature. The tensile properties, fatigue crack growth rate, and fracture toughness of the SS316LN tube in solution-annealed and aged (575°C/100 h and 650°C/100 h) conditions were evaluated at 4.2 K. The fatigue crack growth and tensile properties for the solution-annealed conduit were high enough to satisfy the design requirements for CFETR CSMC. However, the fracture toughness of the aged conduit is not satisfied, since there was a significant decline from 280 to 110 MPa·m1/2 after cold working and aging treatments. The chemical compositions and fractures have been analyzed to assess the reason and recommend modifications that could improve fracture toughness and fatigue crack growth properties.