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Fusion Science and Technology
Cs-137 sealed source lost in Western Australia
A rendering of the sealed source capsule’s appearance. (Image: DFES)
Authorities are searching 1,400 kilometers (870 miles) of Australia’s Great Northern Highway, between Perth and the remote town of Newman, for a lost sealed-source capsule containing cesium-137. The source was part of a density gauge used by mining company Rio Tinto at its mining operations in Western Australia.
The Department of Fire and Emergency Services (DFES) of Western Australia reported that the density gauge containing a 6-mm-diameter (0.24-inch-diameter) by 8-mm-height (0.31-inch-height) source capsule was sent by flatbed truck to Perth for repair, leaving Rio Tinto’s Gudai-Darri mine site in Western Australia on January 12 and arriving in Perth on January 16. The package containing the gauge, however, was not inspected until January 25.
Upon opening the package, it was found that the gauge was broken apart with one of four mounting bolts missing. The source itself and all screws on the gauge were also missing. It is assumed that vibrations from the truck broke the gauge apart and allowed the screws and capsule to fall through the bolt hole and away from the truck. DFES said they were notified of the loss on the evening of January 25.
W. M. Stacey
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 74 | Number 3 | October 2018 | Pages 198-210
Technical Note | doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1416250
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Theoretical analysis and interpretation of experimental measurements indicate the need to extend the fluid theory used in the tokamak plasma edge to include ion orbit loss of thermalized ions and to retain (mainly) electromagnetic pinch forces in the momentum balance in order to derive transport equations which conserve particles, energy, and momentum. The features of such an extended steady-state fluid theory have been derived from first principles in several papers and are summarized herein.