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Aerospace Nuclear Science & Technology
Organized to promote the advancement of knowledge in the use of nuclear science and technologies in the aerospace application. Specialized nuclear-based technologies and applications are needed to advance the state-of-the-art in aerospace design, engineering and operations to explore planetary bodies in our solar system and beyond, plus enhance the safety of air travel, especially high speed air travel. Areas of interest will include but are not limited to the creation of nuclear-based power and propulsion systems, multifunctional materials to protect humans and electronic components from atmospheric, space, and nuclear power system radiation, human factor strategies for the safety and reliable operation of nuclear power and propulsion plants by non-specialized personnel and more.
Conference on Nuclear Training and Education: A Biennial International Forum (CONTE 2021)
February 9–11, 2021
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Fusion Science and Technology
Former NRC chairs issue vaccine timeline recommendation to CDC
Five former chairmen of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission—Stephen Burns, Allison Macfarlane, Nils Diaz, Richard Meserve, and Dale Klein—signed a letter to José Romero, Arkansas health secretary and chair of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) immunization advisory committee, requesting that the advisory committee update its recommendation for COVID-19 vaccine allocation guidance for the energy workforce (including nuclear energy workers).
Currently, the CDC has four phases for the COVID-19 vaccine rollout. Those phases are numbered:
A. Puig Sitjes, M. Jakubowski, A. Ali, P. Drewelow, V. Moncada, F. Pisano, T. T. Ngo, B. Cannas, J. M. Travere, G. Kocsis, T. Szepesi, T. Szabolics, W7-X Team
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 74 | Number 1 | July-August 2018 | Pages 116-124
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1396860
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) fusion experiment is aimed at proving that the stellarator concept is suitable for a future fusion reactor. Therefore, it is designed for steady-state plasmas of up to 30 min, which means that the thermal control of the plasma-facing components (PFCs) is of vital importance to prevent damage to the device.
In this paper an overview of the design of the Near Real-Time Image Diagnostic System (hereinafter called “the System”) for PFCs protection in W7-X is presented. The goal of the System is to monitor the PFCs with high risk of permanent damage due to local overheating during plasma operations and to send alarms to the interlock system. The monitoring of the PFCs is based on thermographic and video cameras, and their video streams are analyzed by means of graphics processing unit–based computer vision techniques to detect the strike line, hot spots, and other thermal events. The video streams and the detected thermal events are displayed online in the control room in the form of a thermal map and permanently stored in the database. In order to determine the emissivity and maximum temperature allowed, a pixel-based correspondence between the image and the observed device part is required. The three-dimensional geometry of W7-X makes the System particularly sensitive to the spatial calibration of the cameras since hot spots can be expected anywhere, and a full segmentation of the field of view is necessary, in contrast to other regions of interest–based systems. A precise registration of the field of view and a correction of the strong lens distortion caused by the wide-angle optical system are then required.
During the next operation phase the uncooled graphite divertor units will allow the System to be tested without risk of damaging the divertors in preparation for when water-cooled high-heat-flux divertors will be used.