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Fusion Science and Technology
The Sodium Reactor Experiment
In February 1957, construction was completed on the Sodium Reactor Experiment (SRE), a sodium-cooled, graphite-moderated reactor with an output of 20 MWt. The design of theSRE had begun three years earlier in 1954, and construction started in April 1955. On April 25, 1957, the reactor reached criticality, and the SRE operated until February 1964.
H. Huang, K. Engelhorn, K. Sequoia, A. Greenwood, W. Sweet, L. Carlson, F. Elsner, M. Farrell
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 73 | Number 2 | March 2018 | Pages 98-106
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1387460
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The 100-Gbar Laser Direct Drive program calls for ablator capsules with no defects larger than 0.5 μm in lateral dimension and fewer than ten defects with lateral dimensions between 0.1 and 0.5 μm. Compared to laser indirect drive capsules, this represents > 10× reduction of defect length scale and >500× reduction in defect number density. This presents major challenges to both fabrication and metrology. In this paper, we will discuss the proof-of-principle work conducted at General Atomics to identify metrology techniques suitable for 100-Gbar target characterization. We present a detailed study of dark-field imaging, laser scatterometry, and environmental scanning electron microscopey. We identify dark-field imaging as the best approach for meeting the 100-Gbar metrology needs.