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Nuclear Criticality Safety
NCSD provides communication among nuclear criticality safety professionals through the development of standards, the evolution of training methods and materials, the presentation of technical data and procedures, and the creation of specialty publications. In these ways, the division furthers the exchange of technical information on nuclear criticality safety with the ultimate goal of promoting the safe handling of fissionable materials outside reactors.
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Fusion Science and Technology
The Ubiquity of PFAS: An Emerging Issue in Decommissioning
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), an anthropogenic class of several thousand chemicals made for use in products such as nonstick cookware, water-, grease-, and stain-resistant materials, surfactants, and fire suppression foams , are emerging as a complicating factor in nuclear decommissioning. These chemicals, which have been manufactured globally, including in the United States, have gained regulatory and public attention due to their persistence and ubiquity in the environment, ability to be detected at low parts-per-trillion levels, and health-based standards set at levels hundreds to thousands of times lower than more classic contaminants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).
Han Zhang, Peter H. Titus, Thomas Brown
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 72 | Number 4 | November 2017 | Pages 766-772
Technical Note | doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1352425
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Components that make up the central column of a tokamak have a strong impact on the overall sizing of the reactor. In most of the next generation tokamaks being considered at PPPL, the vessel is separate from the blanket support structures. A substantial structure is provided as nuclear and electromagnetic shielding to protect the inner legs of the TF and the vessel pressure boundary. The K-DEMO reactor uses a version of this concept.
This technical note addresses the structural adequacy of the K-DEMO vacuum vessel design as of November 2015. The vessel surrounds the internal vacuum components of the reactor and its primary purpose is only to provide the vacuum boundary for the rest of the internals. Static vacuum pressure stresses, stresses due to static magnetic loads, and approximate disruption stresses have been evaluated.