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Fusion Science and Technology
Penfield and Enos: Outage planning in the COVID-19 era
Energy Harbor’s Beaver Valley plant, located about 34 miles northwest of Pittsburgh, Pa., was one of many nuclear sites preparing for a scheduled outage as the coronavirus pandemic intensified in March. The baseline objective of any planned outage—to complete refueling on time and get back to producing power—was complicated by the need to prevent the transmission of COVID-19.
While over 200 of the plant’s 850 staff members worked from home to support the outage, about 800 contractors were brought in for jobs that could only be done on-site. Nuclear News Staff Writer Susan Gallier talked with Beaver Valley Site Vice President Rod Penfield and General Plant Manager Matt Enos about the planning and communication required.
Beaver Valley can look forward to several more outages in the future, now that plans to shut down the two Westinghouse pressurized water reactors, each rated at about 960 MWe, were reversed in March. “The deactivation announcement happened in the middle of all our planning,” Enos said. “It’s a shame we haven’t had a chance to get together as a large group and celebrate that yet.”
While the focus remains on safe pandemic operations, the site now has two causes for celebration: an outage success and a long future ahead.
Sungjin Kwon, Kihak Im, Jong Sung Park
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 72 | Number 4 | November 2017 | Pages 737-746
Technical Note | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1350479
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
A pressurized water cooling divertor target applying the tungsten monoblock type has been primarily considered in the Korean fusion demonstration reactor (K-DEMO). The target peak heat flux locally concentrated around the striking point was set to 10 MW/m2 in K-DEMO divertor system. In a previous study [Im et al., IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., Vol. 44, p. 2493 (2016)] the thermomechanical analyses for a high heat flux unit of K-DEMO divertor target applying reduced activation ferritic martensitic (RAFM) steel as heat sink material were carried out to verify the thermal and mechanical stabilities. The results of the thermomechanical analyses showed that the stabilities of the divertor target design applying the derived design parameters were close to the allowable limits, since the thickness of RAFM coolant tube was too thin due to the low thermal conductivity of RAFM steel. The aim of this study is to propose the structurally modified divertor concept switching the flowing path of coolant from poloidal direction to toroidal direction. By changing the flow direction, the design and material could be independently selected by the local intensity of the heat flux. The CuCrZr and RAFM steel were employed to the peak heat flux region and the non-peak heat flux region as a heat sink material, respectively. The effects of the modified concept were assessed by performing thermohydraulic analyses. The result showed that the modified concept more efficiently dissipated the heat flux compared to the conventional concept.