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Fusion Science and Technology
Finding fusion’s place
Fusion energy is attracting significant interest from governments and private capital markets. The deployment of fusion energy on a timeline that will affect climate change and offer another tool for energy security will require support from stakeholders, regulators, and policymakers around the world. Without broad support, fusion may fail to reach its potential as a “game-changing” technology to make a meaningful difference in addressing the twin challenges of climate change and geopolitical energy security.
The process of developing the necessary policy and regulatory support is already underway around the world. Leaders in the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, China, and elsewhere are engaging with the key issues and will lead the way in setting the foundation for a global fusion industry.
Matthew J. Jasica, Gerald L. Kulcinski, John F. Santarius
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 72 | Number 4 | November 2017 | Pages 719-725
Technical Note | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1350482
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
A new experimental facility at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the Dual-Advanced Ion Simultaneous Implantation Experiment (DAISIE), has been designed and constructed to examine tungsten surface damage phenomena. These include microstructure formation and erosion due to helium bombardment as well as the retention of hydrogen gas while under the simultaneous bombardment of helium and deuterium ion beams, as would occur in ITER or other deuterium-burning fusion devices. DAISIE features two ion guns angled at 55° to the sample normal. These guns are independent with respect to beam current, allowing for a high degree of control over the separate D and He beams fluxes and fluences and the composition ratio of these ions impinging upon the tungsten sample surface. Preliminary results are available for helium-only implantations at energies of 30 keV to average fluences of 3 × 1018 He/cm2 in tungsten samples at temperatures of 900°C. As in prior experiments, surface damage appears to be highly-dependent on the crystallography of the individual grains. although a distinct set of helium-induced microstructures from past experiments is observed. Erosion yield is consistent with prior, similar helium irradiation experiments at the University of Wisconsin, but exceeds that predicted by physical sputtering yields and other past sputtering experiments.