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Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
2022 ANS Annual Meeting
June 12–16, 2022
Anaheim, CA|Anaheim Hilton
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Finding fusion’s place
Fusion energy is attracting significant interest from governments and private capital markets. The deployment of fusion energy on a timeline that will affect climate change and offer another tool for energy security will require support from stakeholders, regulators, and policymakers around the world. Without broad support, fusion may fail to reach its potential as a “game-changing” technology to make a meaningful difference in addressing the twin challenges of climate change and geopolitical energy security.
The process of developing the necessary policy and regulatory support is already underway around the world. Leaders in the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, China, and elsewhere are engaging with the key issues and will lead the way in setting the foundation for a global fusion industry.
Takuya Nagasaka, Haiying Fu, Nobuyuki Kometani, Takeshi Miyazawa, Takeo Muroga, Hideo Watanabe, Masanori Yamazaki, Takeshi Toyama
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 72 | Number 4 | November 2017 | Pages 645-651
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1352428
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
In order to investigate the effect of post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) and post-irradiation annealing (PIA), electron-beam-weld specimens of the reference low activation vanadium alloy, NIFS-HEAT-2, were neutron-irradiated to a fluence of 7.62 × 1023 neutron m−2 (E > 1 MeV) at 563 K in Belgian Reactor-2. In the present experiments, unexpected oxidation of the surface of the samples occurred during the neutron irradiation, and significantly degraded impact properties of the weld metal, while the degradation was not significant for the base metal. The removal of the oxidized layer by electro-polishing improved the impact properties of the weld metal. Although complete removal of the oxidized layer could not be confirmed, it is revealed that impact absorbed energy of the weld metal with post-weld heat treatment at 1073 K was comparable to that of the base metal after the post-irradiation polishing. In other words, irradiation embrittlement of the weld metal was successfully suppressed by the PWHT. PIA at 773 K and above was effective to recover the irradiation hardening and irradiation embrittlement. Mechanisms of the irradiation hardening, irradiation embrittlement and its recovery were discussed.