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Fusion Science and Technology
Finding fusion’s place
Fusion energy is attracting significant interest from governments and private capital markets. The deployment of fusion energy on a timeline that will affect climate change and offer another tool for energy security will require support from stakeholders, regulators, and policymakers around the world. Without broad support, fusion may fail to reach its potential as a “game-changing” technology to make a meaningful difference in addressing the twin challenges of climate change and geopolitical energy security.
The process of developing the necessary policy and regulatory support is already underway around the world. Leaders in the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, China, and elsewhere are engaging with the key issues and will lead the way in setting the foundation for a global fusion industry.
M. Smith, Y. Zhai, A. Jariwala, T. Edgemon, L. Konkel, M. Smiley, J. Vasquez, A. L. Verlaan, J. A. C. Heijmans
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 72 | Number 4 | November 2017 | Pages 640-644
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1352423
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The Upper Visible Infrared Wide Angle Viewing System (UWAVS) is a diagnostic used in five upper ports of ITER. Each UWAVS provides visible and infrared views of various sections of the divertor. A single UWAVS is designed in three main sections: in-vessel, interspace and port cell assemblies. Each assembly utilizes multiple steering and relay mirrors to direct the in-vessel light out of the tokamak to the port cell camera sensors.
For the in-vessel components, the transient electro-magnetic (EM) environment resulting from the ITER magnet operation and plasma events induces design driving Lorentz forces. As such, all in-vessel systems require detailed electro-magnetic finite element analysis (FEA) to derive the resulting time dependent Lorentz loads.
ANSYS Maxwell software was used to perform transient electro-magnetic simulations of the UWAVS in ITER upper port 14. A 20 degree sector, cyclic symmetric model was employed and included, inner and outer vacuum vessel, blanket shield modules, diagnostic fist wall (DFW) and shield module (DSM), upper port plug structure, DSM shield blocks, and a detailed model of the UWAVS in-vessel assembly.
The resulting data includes eddy current density and vector plots along with force and moment summation for various UWAVS components. Front end optical components are specifically reported as these components have significant EM loads.