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Fusion Science and Technology
Penfield and Enos: Outage planning in the COVID-19 era
Energy Harbor’s Beaver Valley plant, located about 34 miles northwest of Pittsburgh, Pa., was one of many nuclear sites preparing for a scheduled outage as the coronavirus pandemic intensified in March. The baseline objective of any planned outage—to complete refueling on time and get back to producing power—was complicated by the need to prevent the transmission of COVID-19.
While over 200 of the plant’s 850 staff members worked from home to support the outage, about 800 contractors were brought in for jobs that could only be done on-site. Nuclear News Staff Writer Susan Gallier talked with Beaver Valley Site Vice President Rod Penfield and General Plant Manager Matt Enos about the planning and communication required.
Beaver Valley can look forward to several more outages in the future, now that plans to shut down the two Westinghouse pressurized water reactors, each rated at about 960 MWe, were reversed in March. “The deactivation announcement happened in the middle of all our planning,” Enos said. “It’s a shame we haven’t had a chance to get together as a large group and celebrate that yet.”
While the focus remains on safe pandemic operations, the site now has two causes for celebration: an outage success and a long future ahead.
A. Khodak, P. Titus, T. Brown, J. Klabacha, H. Nielsen, X. Cheng, S. Liu
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 72 | Number 4 | November 2017 | Pages 628-633
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1350478
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Initial China Fusion Engineering Test Reactor (CFETR), blanket design, includes water-cooled ceramic breeder (WCCB) blanket operating in pre-superheated regime. This condition allows efficient cooling; however it requires accurate control and analysis to avoid zones with excessive heat flux. Analysis of the coolant flow and heat transfer in CFETR Pre-Superheated Blanket was performed using ANSYS CFX and included: 3D coolant flow analysis, external volumetric and surface heating effect, and two-phase wall boiling. ASIPP CAD Model imported directly into ANSYS Workbench Design Modeler as a STEP file. Fluid volume is created using Design Modeler Fill operation, and converting Inlet and Outlet surfaces. Meshing was performed using CFX method available within the framework of the ANSYS mesh generator. Application of tetrahedral elements for meshing of the internal regions allowed automatic mesh generation. Advanced sizing functions were used with automatic mesh inflation depending on wall proximity and curvature. Conjugated heat transfer analysis was performed including solution of heat transfer equations in solid and liquid parts, and solution of the flow equations in the liquid parts. Coolant flow in that was assumed turbulent and was resolved using Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations with Shear Stress Transport turbulence model. RPI model for wall driven boiling is used. Inhomogeneous two-phase flow is resolved solving two sets of momentum and energy equations for liquid and steam. Results showed ability of the model to simulate two-phase boiling flow in complex configuration.