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Fusion Science and Technology
Finding fusion’s place
Fusion energy is attracting significant interest from governments and private capital markets. The deployment of fusion energy on a timeline that will affect climate change and offer another tool for energy security will require support from stakeholders, regulators, and policymakers around the world. Without broad support, fusion may fail to reach its potential as a “game-changing” technology to make a meaningful difference in addressing the twin challenges of climate change and geopolitical energy security.
The process of developing the necessary policy and regulatory support is already underway around the world. Leaders in the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, China, and elsewhere are engaging with the key issues and will lead the way in setting the foundation for a global fusion industry.
L. M. Garrison, F. W. Meyer, M. E. Bannister
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 72 | Number 4 | November 2017 | Pages 574-580
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1352431
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The retention of hydrogen isotopes in the plasma-facing materials of a fusion reactor is dependent on the density of trapping sites in the material. One factor that can influence the trapping defects is the surface state of the material before exposure. Mechanically polished, electropolished, and recrystallized tungsten samples were compared by exposing them to 350 eV D+ beams with peak fluences of ~1 × 1024 D+/m2 at 500 and 740 K at the Multicharged Ion Research Facility (MIRF). At the exposure temperature of 740 K, no significant retention was detected. For material exposed at 500 K, significant differences in retention were observed, and the order of increasing retention was recrystallized, electropolished, and mechanically polished. The other variable besides surface treatment was the time delay between ion exposure and thermal desorption spectroscopy which also may have impacted the retention measurements if there was out-gassing of the D while samples were in storage before thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS).