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2020 ANS Virtual Winter Meeting
November 15–19, 2020
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Fusion Science and Technology
UWC 2020: A call for transformational change
Bowing to current COVID-19 realities but buoyed by the success of June’s virtual Annual Meeting, ANS event planners returned to the virtual realm for this year’s Utility Working Conference. Originally scheduled for August 9–12 at Marco Island, Fla., the condensed event was held Wednesday, August 11, wherever registrants’ computer devices happened to be located.
In addition to 26 educational sessions and workshops, UWC 2020 featured an opening plenary session titled “Achieving Transformational Change: A leadership discussion,” moderated by Bob Coward, MPR Associates principal officer and ANS past president (2017–2018). Plenary panelists included representatives from three utilities—Arizona Public Service (APS), Exelon, and Xcel Energy—plus the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
D. Donovan, D. Buchenauer, J. Whaley, G. Wright, C. M. Parish, X. Hu
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 72 | Number 3 | October 2017 | Pages 337-346
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1333856
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
A compact electron cyclotron resonance plasma source has been utilized at Sandia National Laboratory to expose heated W samples (1270 K) to 50–75 eV He ions at fluxes on the order of 1019 m−2 s−1 and fluences on the order of 1024 m−2. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis of the surface has indicated bubbles up to 150 nm in diameter that exhibit signs of bursting near the surface. Comparisons have been made between W samples prepared from warm-rolled W sheet stock and ITER-Grade W rod stock. Focused ion beam (FIB) cross sectioning has been used with SEM and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to identify large sub surface bubbles (100 nm diameter) at depths up to one micron as well as a dense layer of smaller bubbles (<10 nm diameter) within the first 100 nm of the surface, similar to bubble layers observed on higher flux experiments. SEM-Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD) analysis has identified a unique surface morphology feature associated with the exposed ITER-Grade W as well as features similar to previous EBSD studies of rolled W stock. Thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS) analysis has identified that pre-existing He bubbles found in the Sandia He-ion exposed samples do alter the D trapping and desorbing behavior in W. The findings from these preliminary characterization studies are presented and discussed in context with results from similar plasma exposure stages at other facilities around the world.