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Fusion Science and Technology
The Sodium Reactor Experiment
In February 1957, construction was completed on the Sodium Reactor Experiment (SRE), a sodium-cooled, graphite-moderated reactor with an output of 20 MWt. The design of theSRE had begun three years earlier in 1954, and construction started in April 1955. On April 25, 1957, the reactor reached criticality, and the SRE operated until February 1964.
Tadas Kaliatka, Eugenijus Uspuras, Algirdas Kaliatka
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 72 | Number 2 | August 2017 | Pages 176-187
Technical Note | doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1320496
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
An event of water coolant ingress into the vacuum vessel (VV) is one of the most important events leading to severe consequences in nuclear fusion reactors. The ingress of coolant to the VV could appear due to coolant pipe rupture of in-vessel components. Any damage of in-vessel components could lead to water ingress and may lead to pressure increase and possible damage of the VV. Therefore, it is important to understand thermohydraulic processes in the VV during the ingress of coolant event (ICE) to prevent overpressurization of the VV. This technical note updates the developed Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) model in accordance with the experience gained from the modeling of ICE experiments. Calculation results using the updated model are compared with the results obtained using an older model and the results of other researchers. The calculation results of the updated W7-X model show a much smaller pressure increase rate in the VV compared to the old model. In order to find the maximal area of partial break, which increases pressure in the VV but does not reach burst disk activation pressure (no steam release from the VV to the environment), the best-estimate approach is provided. The results of the analysis reveal that partial break using the updated W7-X model could be much bigger than what was considered before.