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The division's objectives are to promote the advancement of knowledge and understanding of the fundamental physical phenomena characterizing nuclear reactors and other nuclear systems. The division encourages research and disseminates information through meetings and publications. Areas of technical interest include nuclear data, particle interactions and transport, reactor and nuclear systems analysis, methods, design, validation and operating experience and standards. The Wigner Award heads the awards program.
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Fusion Science and Technology
Environmental regulator gives nod to plans for first Polish nuclear plant
Poland’s General Directorate for Environmental Protection (GDOŚ) has given its imprimatur to the Central European nation’s plan to build and operate its first nuclear power facility, state-owned utility Polskie Elektrownie Jądrowe announced last Friday.
PEJ, which submitted its environmental impact report for the proposed project to GDOŚ in March 2022, called the decision “a key permit obtained in the investment process, because subsequent administrative approvals, including the decision to determine the location of the investment and the building permit, must comply with the arrangements and conditions contained in the decision on environmental conditions.”
P. V. Subhash, Amit Kumar Singh, Hitesh Pandya, V. S. Divya, M. P. Aparna, T. K. Basitha Thanseem
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 72 | Number 1 | July 2017 | Pages 49-59
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2016.1273692
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
For high-temperature tokamaks like ITER, electron cyclotron emission (ECE) measurements are expected to be affected by many factors like relativistic downshift, harmonics overlap, polarization scrambling, deviation of electron distribution from Maxwellian, etc. Many studies are already reported on the difference between ECE measurements and other measurements like Thomson scattering for existing high-temperature tokamaks like JET, TFTR, D-III-D, etc. As ITER is expected to reach a temperature of around 25 keV with a strong electron-ion coupling and additional heating, the deviation of the ECE radiation temperature from the electron temperature needs to be examined. This paper reports a parametric study on the effect of the presence of small superthermal populations on ECE measurements for ITER. A wide range of parametric space for superthermal parameters is used, assuming a bi-Maxwellian electron distribution, which obeys Kirchhoff law. The computational details and the results of the numerical studies are explained in this paper. Further, an attempt is also made to reconstruct the superthermal contributions from multiple oblique measurements, which is otherwise a difficult task. This reconstruction has been done through numerical calculations for two sets of measurements using detectors placed at same but opposite angles. Then, a scale factor is used to scale the difference between these two measurements to superthermal emission. The detailed procedure and possible physical explanations are presented. The dependence of this scale factor on the superthermal parameters is numerically studied, and a parametric equation is drafted between scale factor and superthermal parameters. The said equation contains two numerical constants, for which the values are numerically obtained from one set of simulations and verified with a number of calculations using different superthermal parameters.