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Fusion Science and Technology
Penfield and Enos: Outage planning in the COVID-19 era
Energy Harbor’s Beaver Valley plant, located about 34 miles northwest of Pittsburgh, Pa., was one of many nuclear sites preparing for a scheduled outage as the coronavirus pandemic intensified in March. The baseline objective of any planned outage—to complete refueling on time and get back to producing power—was complicated by the need to prevent the transmission of COVID-19.
While over 200 of the plant’s 850 staff members worked from home to support the outage, about 800 contractors were brought in for jobs that could only be done on-site. Nuclear News Staff Writer Susan Gallier talked with Beaver Valley Site Vice President Rod Penfield and General Plant Manager Matt Enos about the planning and communication required.
Beaver Valley can look forward to several more outages in the future, now that plans to shut down the two Westinghouse pressurized water reactors, each rated at about 960 MWe, were reversed in March. “The deactivation announcement happened in the middle of all our planning,” Enos said. “It’s a shame we haven’t had a chance to get together as a large group and celebrate that yet.”
While the focus remains on safe pandemic operations, the site now has two causes for celebration: an outage success and a long future ahead.
L. El-Guebaly, L. Mynsberge, A. Davis, C. D’Angelo, A. Rowcliffe, B. Pint, ARIES-ACT Team
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 72 | Number 1 | July 2017 | Pages 17-40
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2016.1273669
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The ARIES team has examined a multitude of fusion concepts over a period of 25 years. In recent years, the team wrapped up the Advanced Research, Innovation, and Evaluation Study (ARIES) series by completing the detailed design of the ARIES–Advanced and Conservative Tokamak (ARIES-ACT2) power plant—a plant with conservative physics and technology, representing a tokamak with reduced-activation ferritic/martensitic (RAFM) structure and dual-coolant lead-lithium blanket. The integration of nuclear assessments (neutronics, shielding, and activation) is an essential element to ARIES-ACT2 success. This paper highlights the design philosophy of in-vessel components and characterizes several nuclear-related issues that have been addressed during the course of the study to improve the ARIES-ACT2 design: sufficient breeding of tritium to fuel the plasma, well-optimized in-vessel components that satisfy all design requirements and guarantee the shielding functionality of its radial/vertical builds, survivability of low-activation/radiation-resistant structural materials in 14-MeV neutron environment, activation concerns for RAFM and corrosion-resistant oxide-dispersion-strengthened alloys, and an integral approach to handle the mildly radioactive materials during operation and after decommissioning.