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Fusion Science and Technology
Consultant recommends subsidies for Exelon plants
A research and consulting firm hired by Illinois governor J. B. Pritzker’s administration to scrutinize the financial fitness of Exelon’s Byron and Dresden nuclear plants approves of limited state subsidies for the facilities, according to a redacted version of the firm’s report made available yesterday.
Seungil Park, Jinhyun Jeong, Won Namkung, Moo-Hyun Cho, Young S. Bae, Won-Soon Han, Hyung-Lyeol Yang
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 55 | Number 1 | January 2009 | Pages 56-63
Technical Paper | Electron Cyclotron Emission and Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST09-A4053
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
An 84-GHz electron cyclotron heating (ECH) system has been installed to assist plasma start-up by preionization in the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) device. The KSTAR 84-GHz ECH system consists of a 500-kW gyrotron, a transmission line, and an antenna system. The wave power is transmitted from the gyrotron to the antenna through an evacuated corrugated circular waveguide of 31.75-mm inner diameter and six miter bends, which include a pair of polarizer miter bends for polarization control. The maximum permitted vacuum pressure without radio-frequency (rf) breakdown in the 31.75-mm waveguide at 84 GHz, 500 kW was calculated to be ~0.1 torr. The pumping time to reach the vacuum pressure of 1 × 10-3 torr in the KSTAR ECH system was ~2 h by two turbomolecular pumps. The transmission efficiency of ~93% from the output of the mirror optical unit to the torus window was measured using a low-power rf source. The wave polarization by a pair of polarizer miter bends with grooved mirrors was tested using the low-power system, and it showed good agreement with numerical calculations. In this paper, we present the design and commissioning results of the KSTAR 84-GHz transmission line.