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Materials Science & Technology
The objectives of MSTD are: promote the advancement of materials science in Nuclear Science Technology; support the multidisciplines which constitute it; encourage research by providing a forum for the presentation, exchange, and documentation of relevant information; promote the interaction and communication among its members; and recognize and reward its members for significant contributions to the field of materials science in nuclear technology.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Understanding the ITER Project in the context of global Progress on Fusion
(photo: ITER Project gangway assembly)
The promise of hydrogen fusion as a safe, environmentally friendly, and virtually unlimited source of energy has motivated scientists and engineers for decades. For the general public, the pace of fusion research and development may at times appear to be slow. But for those on the inside, who understand both the technological challenges involved and the transformative impact that fusion can bring to human society in terms of the security of the long-term world energy supply, the extended investment is well worth it.
Failure is not an option.
Fernando R. Urgorri, Carlos Moreno, Elisabetta Carella, Jesús Castellanos, Alessandro Del Nevo, Ángel Ibarra
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 71 | Number 3 | April 2017 | Pages 444-449
Technical Note | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2016.1273712
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The Water Cooled Lithium Lead (WCLL) blanket is one of the four breeder blanket technologies under consideration within the framework of the EUROfusion Consortium activities. The aim of this work is to develop a preliminary model that can track tritium concentration and tritium fluxes along each part of the WCLL blanket and its ancillary systems at any time.
Because of tritium’s nature, the phenomena of diffusion, dissociation, recombination and solubilization have been taken into account when describing the tritium behavior inside the lead-lithium channels, the structural materials and the water coolant circuits. The simulations have been performed using the object oriented modeling software EcosimPro.
Results have been obtained for the pulsed generation scenario of the European demonstration power plant (DEMO). The tritium inventory in every part of the blanket has been computed. Permeation rates have been calculated as well allowing to know how much tritium ends up in the coolant system and how much remains in the liquid metal. The amount of tritium extracted from the lead-lithium loop has been also obtained. All this information allows having a global perspective of tritium behavior all over the blanket at any time.
The model provides valuable information for the design of the WCLL blanket. More complex upgrades are planned to be implemented based on this model in future stages of the EUROfusion project.