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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Priyanka Brahmbhatt, Amit Sircar, Rudreksh Patel, E. RajendraKumar, Sadhana Mohan, Kalyan Bhanja
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 71 | Number 3 | April 2017 | Pages 391-396
Technical Note | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1289580
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The Indian Lead Lithium Ceramic Breeder (LLCB) Test Blanket Module (TBM) is to be installed in one half of equatorial port #2 for testing in ITER machine. Liquid Pb-Li and solid Li2TiO3 are the tritium breeder materials in LLCB TBM. Tritium permeates through structural materials in particular at higher temperatures, which is a major operational and safety concern. Therefore, tritium flows in different locations of ITER Tokamak complex have been estimated.
Tritium transport from LLCB TBM and its ancillary systems into process rooms has been studied and analyzed in this work. A steady state diffusion limited permeation model neglecting surface effects has been used for the analysis. Tritium permeation to the Vacuum Vessel, Pipe Forest Area, Port Cell, Pipe Chase Area, Tokamak Cooling Water System Vault Annex (TCWS-VA) and Tritium Process Room in L-2 level has been estimated.
The requirement to be fulfilled in each equatorial port cell is that the tritium concentration in the port cell during maintenance operations should be below the admissible limit for human access (regulatory maximum allowable value < 1 DAC = 3.4 × 105 Bq/m3, Derived Air concentration). The presence of the Detritiation System (DS) in the Port cell has to be taken into account. This admissible limit for human access has to be reached in a sufficiently short time (target = 12 h) after plasma shutdown. Additional release during maintenance and radiological zoning with recommended <10 μSv/h need to be considered. Management of concentration of permeated tritium in different locations considering above requirement has also been discussed in this paper.