ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Radiation Protection & Shielding
The Radiation Protection and Shielding Division is developing and promoting radiation protection and shielding aspects of nuclear science and technology — including interaction of nuclear radiation with materials and biological systems, instruments and techniques for the measurement of nuclear radiation fields, and radiation shield design and evaluation.
2021 Student Conference
April 8–10, 2021
North Carolina State University|Raleigh Marriott City Center
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Yasuhisa Oya, Cui Hu, Hiroe Fujita, Kenta Yuyama, Shodai Sakurada, Yuki Uemura, Suguru Masuzaki, Masayuki Tokitani, Miyuki Yajima, Yuji Hatano, Takumi Chikada
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 71 | Number 3 | April 2017 | Pages 351-356
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1291039
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
All the hydrogen isotope (H, D, T) simultaneous TDS (Thermal desorption spectroscopy) measurement system (HI-TDS system) was newly designed to evaluate all hydrogen isotope desorption behavior in materials. The present HI-TDS system was operated under Ar purge gas and the H and D desorptions were observed by a quadruple mass spectrometer equipped with an enclosed ion source, although T desorption was evaluated by an ionization chamber or proportional counters. Most of the same TDS spectra for D and T were derived by optimizing the heating rate of 0.5 K s−1 with Ar flow rate of 13.3 sccm.
Using this HI-TDS system, D and T desorption behaviors for D+2 implanted or DT gas exposed tungsten samples installed in LHD (Large Helical Device) at NIFS (National Institute for Fusion Science) was evaluated. It was found that major hydrogen desorption stages consisted of two temperature regions, namely 700 K and 900 K, which was consistent with the previous hydrogen plasma campaign and most of hydrogen would be trapped by the carbon-dominated mixed-material layer. By D+2 implantation, major D desorption was found at ~900 K with a narrow peak due to energetic ion implantation. For gas exposure, H was preferentially replaced by D and T with a lower trapping energy. In addition, T replacement rate by additional H2 gas exposure was evaluated. This fact indicates that the hydrogen replacement mechanism would be clearly changed by exposure methods.