All the hydrogen isotope (H, D, T) simultaneous TDS (Thermal desorption spectroscopy) measurement system (HI-TDS system) was newly designed to evaluate all hydrogen isotope desorption behavior in materials. The present HI-TDS system was operated under Ar purge gas and the H and D desorptions were observed by a quadruple mass spectrometer equipped with an enclosed ion source, although T desorption was evaluated by an ionization chamber or proportional counters. Most of the same TDS spectra for D and T were derived by optimizing the heating rate of 0.5 K s−1 with Ar flow rate of 13.3 sccm.

Using this HI-TDS system, D and T desorption behaviors for D+2 implanted or DT gas exposed tungsten samples installed in LHD (Large Helical Device) at NIFS (National Institute for Fusion Science) was evaluated. It was found that major hydrogen desorption stages consisted of two temperature regions, namely 700 K and 900 K, which was consistent with the previous hydrogen plasma campaign and most of hydrogen would be trapped by the carbon-dominated mixed-material layer. By D+2 implantation, major D desorption was found at ~900 K with a narrow peak due to energetic ion implantation. For gas exposure, H was preferentially replaced by D and T with a lower trapping energy. In addition, T replacement rate by additional H2 gas exposure was evaluated. This fact indicates that the hydrogen replacement mechanism would be clearly changed by exposure methods.