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Members focus on the dissemination of knowledge and information in the area of power reactors with particular application to the production of electric power and process heat. The division sponsors meetings on the coverage of applied nuclear science and engineering as related to power plants, non-power reactors, and other nuclear facilities. It encourages and assists with the dissemination of knowledge pertinent to the safe and efficient operation of nuclear facilities through professional staff development, information exchange, and supporting the generation of viable solutions to current issues.
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Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
David W. James, Gregg A. Morgan
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 71 | Number 3 | April 2017 | Pages 321-325
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1291245
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Various getter materials are used in the processing of hydrogen isotopes and associated impurities. SAES® ST198 is a zirconium-iron alloy that is typically used for the removal of low levels of hydrogen isotopes from a process gas stream. However, numerous impurities may be present in process gas streams and some of these impurities may have a deleterious effect on the hydrogen absorption capabilities of ST198.
A series of experiments were completed to determine the effects of various impurities on the hydrogen gettering ability of ST198 as a function of the bed operating temperature. Changes in hydrogen getter performance were tracked using the analysis of Residual Gas Analyzer data. Baseline conditions of 0.1% hydrogen within a nitrogen rich stream were evaluated at both 350°C and ambient temperature conditions (24°C). Various concentrations of impurities were also explored to determine the effects on the hydrogen gettering of ST198. It has been determined that one benefit of ST198 is that it shows no appreciable interaction with nitrogen at temperatures lower than 425°C. However, gas impurities of carbon monoxide, methane, and ammonia were shown in this work to have an effect on the hydrogen gettering abilities of ST198.
This paper presents findings relating to the evaluation of the effect of carbon monoxide, ammonia, and methane impurities on the hydrogen gettering ability of the ST198. Lower operating temperature conditions made the ST198 getter bed more susceptible to deactivation in the presence of impurities. In the event that the studied impurities exist in the process gas stream, the ST198 material could possibly become deactivated towards hydrogen isotope absorption at lower operating temperatures.