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Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
H. A. Boniface, N. V. Gnanapragasam, D. K. Ryland, S. Suppiah, A. Perevezentsev
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 71 | Number 3 | April 2017 | Pages 241-245
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2017.1290970
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The Water Detritiation System (WDS) designed for ITER is based on the combined electrolysis and catalytic exchange(CECE) process to ensure the emission of tritium to the environment is maintained below very strict limits. The CECE process is one of the processes for tritium removal that CNL (Canadian Nuclear Laboratories, formerly Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd.) has studied, developed and successfully demonstrated. In this work, CNL evaluated ITER’s design conditions of the exchange column and the electrolyser – the two key components of the CECE process (and the ITER WDS system) – to assess the effectiveness of tritium removal and investigate options to improve it. The evaluation was done using CNL’s CECE process simulation according to a protocol set out by ITER. Initially, calibration (benchmarking) of CNL’s hydrogen-water exchange column model was performed with a standard data set for a specified column to determine modeling parameters that resulted in a good match with the tritium concentration data. The model was then applied (with the same parameters) to the current WDS design. Some optimized conditions for the CECE process that could improve performance of the WDS to meet its design criteria were determined. The details of some of these assessments are presented here with particular attention to the WDS case where the feed water contains high levels of deuterium.