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Fusion Science and Technology
The Atlantic: Build what we’ve already invented
“What if I told you that scientists had figured out a way to produce affordable electricity that was 99 percent safer and cleaner than coal or oil, and that this breakthrough produced even fewer emissions per gigawatt-hour than solar or wind?” That’s the question that Derek Thompson, a staff writer at The Atlantic, asks in his article, "The Forgotten Stage of Human Progress," before revealing, “The breakthrough I’m talking about is 70 years old: It’s nuclear power.”
R. Moreno, J. Vega, S. Dormido-Canto, A. Pereira, A. Murari, JET Contributors
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 69 | Number 2 | April 2016 | Pages 485-494
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST15-167
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The Advanced Predictor of Disruptions (APODIS) has been working in the JET real-time network since the beginning of the ITER-like wall (ILW) campaigns. APODIS is a data-driven system based on a multilayer structure of Support Vector Machines (SVM) classifiers. APODIS was trained with JET data corresponding to carbon wall discharges between April 2006 and October 2009, without any retraining in spite of its use with metallic wall discharges. This paper has two main parts. First, APODIS disruption prediction capabilities are evaluated during the ILW run period from July 2013 to October 2014. The results obtained from these experimental campaigns (more than 1059 nondisruptive discharges and 390 nonintentional disruptions) showed 2.46% false alarms and 85.38% success rate. Taking into account that ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) will work with a similar wall to the current ILW at JET, the purpose of the second part of this study is to compare predictors trained with data from JET ILW campaigns. The high computational cost that APODIS training requires and the great performance of SVM have motivated the development of a one-layer SVM predictor. Therefore, an APODIS version and a simpler one-layer predictor have been compared. They have been trained with data between September 2011 and July 2012 (1036 nondisruptive discharges and 201 nonintentional disruptions) and tested with experimental data in the period July 2013 to October 2014 (1051 nondisruptive discharges and 390 nonintentional disruptions). The one-layer predictor shows slightly better results than the APODIS structure.