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Fusion Science and Technology
Exelon files to deactivate the Byron reactors
Exelon on June 16 filed with grid operator PJM Interconnection to deactivate the two Byron reactors in Illinois. The move came one day after the Illinois Senate adjourned without reaching an agreement on a comprehensive energy package that would have provided nearly $700 million to keep Byron’s reactors, as well as Exelon’s Dresden and Braidwood nuclear power plants, in operation. (In August of 2020, Exelon announced that it would close the economically challenged Byron and Dresden facilities in the fall of 2021 without some form of state aid to provide compensation for their clean power.) The state’s House of Representatives also adjourned earlier this week without taking up the bill.
Yasuko Kawamoto, Hiroyuki Nakaya, Hideaki Matsuura, Kazunari Katayama, Minoru Goto, Shigeaki Nakagawa
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 68 | Number 2 | September 2015 | Pages 397-401
Technical Paper | Proceedings of TOFE-2014 | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST14-977
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
To start up a fusion reactor, it is necessary to provide a sufficient amount of tritium from an external device. The fusion DEMO reactor is planned to start up in the 2030s. Herein, methods for supplying the reactor with tritium are discussed. For the initial startup of the fusion reactor, use of a high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) as a tritium production device has been proposed. So far, the analyses have been focused only on the operation in which fuel is exchanged at stated periods (batch) using the block type HTGR. In this paper, to improve the performance of tritium production, properties of the HTGR are studied from the viewpoint of continuous operation for several conditions. In continuous operation, for example, in the pebble bed type HTGR, it is possible to design an operation that has no time loss for refueling. The pebble bed modular reactor (PBMR) and the gas turbine high temperature reactor of 300 MWe nominal capacity (GTHTR300) are assumed as the calculation and comparison targets, and simulation is made using the continuous-energy Monte Carlo transport code MVP-BURN. It is shown that the continuous operation using the pebble bed type HTGR has almost the same tritium productivity compared with the batch operation using the block type HGTR. The issues for pebble bed type HTGR as a tritium production device are discussed.