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Fusion Science and Technology
Hanford completes wastewater basin work to support tank waste treatment
Record-breaking heat and the vast size of the job did not stop the Department of Energy’s Office of River Protection and its tank operations contractor, Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS), from completing a construction project critical to the Hanford Site’s Direct-Feed Low-Activity Waste program for treating radioactive tank waste.
T. Brown, J. Menard, L. El-Gueblay, A. Davis
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 68 | Number 2 | September 2015 | Pages 277-281
Technical Paper | Proceedings of TOFE-2014 | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST14-911
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
One of the goals of the PPPL Spherical Tokamak (ST) Fusion Nuclear Science Facility (FNSF) study was to generate a self-consistent conceptual design of an ST-FNSF device with sufficient physics and engineering details to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of different designs and to assess various ST-FNSF missions. This included striving to achieve tritium self-sufficiency; the ability to provide shielding protection of vital components and to develop maintenance strategies that could be used to maintain the in-vessel components (divertors, breeding blankets, shield modules and services) and characterize design upgrade potentials to expanded mission evolutions.
With the conceptual design of a 2.2 m ST pilot plant design already completed emphasis was placed on evaluating a range of ST machine sizes looking at a major radius of 1m and a mid-range device size between 1 m and 2.2 m.
This paper will present an engineering summary of the design details developed from this study, expanding on earlier progress reports presented at earlier conferences that focused on a mid-size 1.7 m device. Further development has been made by physics in defining a Super-X divertor arrangement that provides an expanded divertor surface area and places all PF coils outside the TF coil inner bore, in regions that improve the device maintenance characteristics. Physics, engineering design and neutronics analysis for both the 1.7 m and 1 m device have been enhanced. The engineering results of the PPPL ST-FNSF study will be presented along with comments on possible future directions.