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Fusion Science and Technology
Penfield and Enos: Outage planning in the COVID-19 era
Energy Harbor’s Beaver Valley plant, located about 34 miles northwest of Pittsburgh, Pa., was one of many nuclear sites preparing for a scheduled outage as the coronavirus pandemic intensified in March. The baseline objective of any planned outage—to complete refueling on time and get back to producing power—was complicated by the need to prevent the transmission of COVID-19.
While over 200 of the plant’s 850 staff members worked from home to support the outage, about 800 contractors were brought in for jobs that could only be done on-site. Nuclear News Staff Writer Susan Gallier talked with Beaver Valley Site Vice President Rod Penfield and General Plant Manager Matt Enos about the planning and communication required.
Beaver Valley can look forward to several more outages in the future, now that plans to shut down the two Westinghouse pressurized water reactors, each rated at about 960 MWe, were reversed in March. “The deactivation announcement happened in the middle of all our planning,” Enos said. “It’s a shame we haven’t had a chance to get together as a large group and celebrate that yet.”
While the focus remains on safe pandemic operations, the site now has two causes for celebration: an outage success and a long future ahead.
S. X. Zhao, Q. Li, W. J. Wang, C. Li, D. D. Zhang, R. Wei, S. G. Qin, Y. L. Shi, L. J. Peng, N. J. Pan, Y. Xu, G. H. Liu, T. J. Wang, D. M. Yao, G.-N. Luo
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 67 | Number 4 | May 2015 | Pages 784-791
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST14-835
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
A hot isostatic pressing (HIP) route has been developed by the Institute of Plasma Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in collaboration with the Advanced Technology & Materials Co., Ltd. for bonding W/Cu tiles to Ni-electroplated CuCrZr heat sinks. During high-heat-flux testing, in the initial stage, Cu/Ni interfacial debonding was observed. Careful analyses indicated that interfacial oxidation during encapsulation for HIP processing using tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding was the main cause of the limited fatigue lifetime. Copper oxides formed during the TIG encapsulation do not decompose during HIP at 600°C. As a result, weak bonding and even some microcracks were generated, and unfortunately these microcracks could not be detected by current industrial ultrasonic probes. An oxidation-free encapsulation technique, suitable for batch processing, has been developed to achieve a thermal fatigue lifetime of more than 1000 cycles at a heat load of 5 MW/m2 for the components.