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Fusion Science and Technology
Penfield and Enos: Outage planning in the COVID-19 era
Energy Harbor’s Beaver Valley plant, located about 34 miles northwest of Pittsburgh, Pa., was one of many nuclear sites preparing for a scheduled outage as the coronavirus pandemic intensified in March. The baseline objective of any planned outage—to complete refueling on time and get back to producing power—was complicated by the need to prevent the transmission of COVID-19.
While over 200 of the plant’s 850 staff members worked from home to support the outage, about 800 contractors were brought in for jobs that could only be done on-site. Nuclear News Staff Writer Susan Gallier talked with Beaver Valley Site Vice President Rod Penfield and General Plant Manager Matt Enos about the planning and communication required.
Beaver Valley can look forward to several more outages in the future, now that plans to shut down the two Westinghouse pressurized water reactors, each rated at about 960 MWe, were reversed in March. “The deactivation announcement happened in the middle of all our planning,” Enos said. “It’s a shame we haven’t had a chance to get together as a large group and celebrate that yet.”
While the focus remains on safe pandemic operations, the site now has two causes for celebration: an outage success and a long future ahead.
Ronald D. Boyd
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 67 | Number 4 | May 2015 | Pages 754-761
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST14-814
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The hypervapotron (HV) has been demonstrated to be a superior thermal management (TM) and high heat flux removal (HHFR) technique for fusion reactor plasma-facing component applications involving a single-side absorbed heat flux (up to between 20 and 30 MW/m2). However, the conjugate heat transfer HV flow channel (HFC) only can be optimized completely when the related HHFR controlling parameters have been identified. In an earlier work, Part I of the present effort, we identified three high heat flux-side controlling TM and HHFR dimensionless parameters and a characteristic temperature difference. In the present work, six HV wall conjugate heat transfer dimensionless primary controlling parameters and five secondary controlling parameters have been identified. The controlling parameters include the effects of (1) most geometric specifications of the array of fins; (2) variations in the HV wall thermal conductivity and heat transfer coefficient; (3) effective Biot numbers characterizing effects that include the fin array, a typical fin example, and the side walls; (4) the HFC unobstructive portion flow aspect ratio, and (5) the HFC wall aspect ratio.