Thermal desorption spectrometry (TDS) has been investigated to obtain fundamental information of tritium behavior in graphite and carbon materials especially at high temperatures. 29 brands of graphite, HOPG, glassy carbon and CFC materials charged with deuterium gas are tested up to the temperature of 1735 K with a heating rate of 0.1 K/s. TDS spectra have five peaks at 600–700 K, around 900 K, 1200 K, 1300–1450 K and 1600–1650 K. The amounts of released deuterium have been compared with crystallographic parameters derived from XRD analysis. Reduction of tritium retention and inventories are discussed.