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Fusion Science and Technology
Penfield and Enos: Outage planning in the COVID-19 era
Energy Harbor’s Beaver Valley plant, located about 34 miles northwest of Pittsburgh, Pa., was one of many nuclear sites preparing for a scheduled outage as the coronavirus pandemic intensified in March. The baseline objective of any planned outage—to complete refueling on time and get back to producing power—was complicated by the need to prevent the transmission of COVID-19.
While over 200 of the plant’s 850 staff members worked from home to support the outage, about 800 contractors were brought in for jobs that could only be done on-site. Nuclear News Staff Writer Susan Gallier talked with Beaver Valley Site Vice President Rod Penfield and General Plant Manager Matt Enos about the planning and communication required.
Beaver Valley can look forward to several more outages in the future, now that plans to shut down the two Westinghouse pressurized water reactors, each rated at about 960 MWe, were reversed in March. “The deactivation announcement happened in the middle of all our planning,” Enos said. “It’s a shame we haven’t had a chance to get together as a large group and celebrate that yet.”
While the focus remains on safe pandemic operations, the site now has two causes for celebration: an outage success and a long future ahead.
X. R. Wang, M. S. Tillack, C. Koehly, S. Malang, H. H. Toudeshki, F. Najmabadi, ARIES Team
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 67 | Number 1 | January 2015 | Pages 193-219
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST14-798
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
ARIES-ACT2 is a conventional tokamak power plant conceptual design that uses a dual-coolant lead-lithium (DCLL) blanket concept with a RAFS (reduced-activation ferritic steel) first-wall (FW) and blanket structure. The design concept is the first fully integrated study of the DCLL blanket in a tokamak power plant. The major engineering efforts were to develop a credible configuration that can meet aggressive maintenance goals and achieve high availability and maintainability; to design a DCLL blanket that can meet tritium breeding requirements with reasonable helium and Pb-17Li cooling schemes to remove the surface and volumetric thermal power in the blanket while keeping the helium pressure drop, magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) pressure drop, and total pumping power low, and material temperatures and stresses at an acceptable level; to design manifolding and access pipes to connect/disconnect the inboard and outboard blanket sectors to the ring headers located underneath the reactor without affecting maintenance operations and creating major MHD effects when feeding all the Pb-17Li/He mass flow. Detailed three-dimensional finite element analysis of the DCLL blankets together with design iterations have been performed to finalize and optimize the major design parameters of the FW and blanket structure. The helium-cooled W plate-type divertor concept was adopted and integrated into the ACT2 DCLL power core to accommodate the peak surface heat flux of ∼10 MW/m2 predicted by edge plasma physics.