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Fusion Science and Technology
NRC’s Inspector General issues report
Overall findings of a survey of Nuclear Regulatory Commission personnel indicate that while the NRC maintains a few strengths compared to external benchmarks, results have declined since 2015 in a number of areas, according to a recent report from the NRC’s Office of the Inspector General (OIG).
The survey was conducted in February 2020 by Willis Towers Watson, a global risk-management, insurance brokerage, and advisory firm that has partnered with the OIG for more than 20 years to assess the NRC’s safety culture and climate, as well as other aspects of employee experience.
J. G. Murray/K. E. Rothe, George Bronner
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 4 | Number 2 | September 1983 | Pages 1486-1490
Power Conversion, Instrumentation, and Control | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST83-A23066
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The energy loss in a torus vessel during startup is now an important factor in a power-producing tokamak design. The torus design cannot be based on a system which minimizes the conductivity with resistive structures as in present experimental devices. If the resistivity of the torus is too high, the reactors are subject to damage from an uncontrolled fast shutdown such as a disruption. The thermal and magnetic stored energy due to the plasma current loop is several hundred megajoules, which can produce melting of the torus wall. To prevent excessive damage, a low resistance passive circuit must be provided close to the plasma edge. Another desirable design feature is to make all vacuum seals as far away from the plasma as practical. Thus, the reactor torus designs need an inner low resistance shell and an outer high resistance shell. In addition, the superconducting dewar and coil support structures provide paths for toroidal currents to flow. The calculations provided in this paper can be used to determine the size and cost of the systems as a function of the resistances of the structures. The results can thus be used to guide the preliminary concepts for the electromagnetic characteristics of a tokamak.