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Fusion Science and Technology
Penfield and Enos: Outage planning in the COVID-19 era
Energy Harbor’s Beaver Valley plant, located about 34 miles northwest of Pittsburgh, Pa., was one of many nuclear sites preparing for a scheduled outage as the coronavirus pandemic intensified in March. The baseline objective of any planned outage—to complete refueling on time and get back to producing power—was complicated by the need to prevent the transmission of COVID-19.
While over 200 of the plant’s 850 staff members worked from home to support the outage, about 800 contractors were brought in for jobs that could only be done on-site. Nuclear News Staff Writer Susan Gallier talked with Beaver Valley Site Vice President Rod Penfield and General Plant Manager Matt Enos about the planning and communication required.
Beaver Valley can look forward to several more outages in the future, now that plans to shut down the two Westinghouse pressurized water reactors, each rated at about 960 MWe, were reversed in March. “The deactivation announcement happened in the middle of all our planning,” Enos said. “It’s a shame we haven’t had a chance to get together as a large group and celebrate that yet.”
While the focus remains on safe pandemic operations, the site now has two causes for celebration: an outage success and a long future ahead.
W. K. Dagenhart, W. L. Gardner, W. L. Stirling, J. H. Whealton
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 4 | Number 2 | September 1983 | Pages 1430-1435
Magnet Engineering | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST83-A23057
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Scaling studies for a SITEX negative ion source to produce 200-keV, 10-A, long pulse D-beams are under way at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Designs have been restricted to the use of established techniques and reasonably welldemonstrated scaling. The results show that the 1-A SITEX source can be directly scaled to produce 200-keV, 10-A long pulse ion beams with a source power efficiency of <5 kW of total plasma generator power per ampere of D- beam generated. Extracted electron-to-D- ratios should be <0.06, with all extracted electrons recovered at <10% of the first gap potential energy difference. The close-coupled accelerating structure will be 5 em long and have five electrodes with 21 slits each, with a 50-kV/cm field in each gap. No decel electrode was included because of the transverse magnetic field. Electrons formed in each gap by the ~16% charge-exchange loss of D- in the total accelerator column will be collected by electron recovery structures associated with the gaps at an average energy of 50% of a gap's potential energy difference. Atomic gas efficiency will be >67%. Beam divergence calculations using the ORNL optics code give θrms = ±0.4°. The ion source magnetic field provides momentum dispersion of the extracted beam, separating out both the electrons and all heavy ion impurities and low energy D0 particles formed by charge exchange in the accelerating column. A D2 gas neutralization cell and a charge separation magnet provide 1 MW of D0 beam at 200 keV for injection. The overall beam line dimensions are 2.2 × 1.0 × 5.0 m (H × W × L).