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Fusion Science and Technology
Penfield and Enos: Outage planning in the COVID-19 era
Energy Harbor’s Beaver Valley plant, located about 34 miles northwest of Pittsburgh, Pa., was one of many nuclear sites preparing for a scheduled outage as the coronavirus pandemic intensified in March. The baseline objective of any planned outage—to complete refueling on time and get back to producing power—was complicated by the need to prevent the transmission of COVID-19.
While over 200 of the plant’s 850 staff members worked from home to support the outage, about 800 contractors were brought in for jobs that could only be done on-site. Nuclear News Staff Writer Susan Gallier talked with Beaver Valley Site Vice President Rod Penfield and General Plant Manager Matt Enos about the planning and communication required.
Beaver Valley can look forward to several more outages in the future, now that plans to shut down the two Westinghouse pressurized water reactors, each rated at about 960 MWe, were reversed in March. “The deactivation announcement happened in the middle of all our planning,” Enos said. “It’s a shame we haven’t had a chance to get together as a large group and celebrate that yet.”
While the focus remains on safe pandemic operations, the site now has two causes for celebration: an outage success and a long future ahead.
R.W. Conn, N.M. Ghoniem, S.P. Grotz, F. Najmabadi, K. Taghavi, M.Z. Youssef
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 4 | Number 2 | September 1983 | Pages 615-622
Fusion System Studies | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST83-A22930
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
With the maturity of conceptual fusion reactor designs it is important to develop comprehensive scenarios for the startup and shutdown of fusion plants and to investigate physics and engineering requirements and design constraints and their implications. We then focus on the impact of such considerations on the operation of tandem mirror fusion reactors (TMR's). Brief examples from both the fission and conventional power industries are discussed. TMR plant operation is divided into an initial commissioning phase and four subsequent generic phases: (1) Phase IA: cold shutdown; (2) Phase IB: hot shutdown; (3) Phase II: system testing, plasma startup and standby power operation; (4) Phase III: staged power operation; and (5) Phase IV: rated power operation. Power ascention through these phases is explained in terms of the operation of two major systems: (1) the plasma technology and support system, and (2) the heat transport system. Physics and engineering constraints, subsystem interactions, and design implications are discussed throughout the paper using the Mirror Advanced Reactor Study (MARS) as the specific example.