A conceptual design for a tokamak demonstration power plant (DEMO) was developed. A large part of the study focused on examining the key issues and identifying the R&D needs for: 1) current drive for steady-state operation, 2) impurity control and exhaust, 3) tritium breeding blanket, and 4) reactor configuration and maintenance. Impurity control and exhaust will not be covered in this paper but is discussed in another paper in these proceedings, entitled “Key Issues of FED/INTOR Impurity Control System”.