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Fusion Science and Technology
Penfield and Enos: Outage planning in the COVID-19 era
Energy Harbor’s Beaver Valley plant, located about 34 miles northwest of Pittsburgh, Pa., was one of many nuclear sites preparing for a scheduled outage as the coronavirus pandemic intensified in March. The baseline objective of any planned outage—to complete refueling on time and get back to producing power—was complicated by the need to prevent the transmission of COVID-19.
While over 200 of the plant’s 850 staff members worked from home to support the outage, about 800 contractors were brought in for jobs that could only be done on-site. Nuclear News Staff Writer Susan Gallier talked with Beaver Valley Site Vice President Rod Penfield and General Plant Manager Matt Enos about the planning and communication required.
Beaver Valley can look forward to several more outages in the future, now that plans to shut down the two Westinghouse pressurized water reactors, each rated at about 960 MWe, were reversed in March. “The deactivation announcement happened in the middle of all our planning,” Enos said. “It’s a shame we haven’t had a chance to get together as a large group and celebrate that yet.”
While the focus remains on safe pandemic operations, the site now has two causes for celebration: an outage success and a long future ahead.
L. G. Miller, J. M. Beeston, P. Y. Hsu, B. L. Harris
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 4 | Number 2 | September 1983 | Pages 427-432
Materials Engineering | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST83-A22901
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The lifetime of hollow beryllium pebbles in a hybrid fusion blanket was estimated using the existing radiation damage data base. The ductility of the irradiated beryllium at 400 to 500°C was estimated as ∼3%, and the loading stresses produced a strain of <0.3%. The failure analysis was based on the maximum stress theory. The principal stresses calculated were thermal and swelling. The estimated lifetimes for beryllium pebbles were <2 yr for those near the first wall of the blanket, >2 yr for those near the center, and >9 yr for those near the back wall. An overall average lifetime of 2.6 yr was calculated for the hollow beryllium pebbles. The snap-ring fuel form, not considered in this analysis, is expected to give longer beryllium lifetimes, provided stress concentration effects are not present.