The present status of the inertial fusion program is reviewed. The program has two major applications, one to military areas, the other to long-term energy needs. The near-term program is described by a 5-year program plan that coordinates research and culminates in a 1987 decision. The near-term program strategy is to build and operate the three new large facilities, ANTARES, NOVA, and PBFA II in order to maximize the physics data base needed to evaluate the driver-target requirements for ignition and higher gain. Low-cost driver technology will also play an important role in the 1987 program decision. Depending on the outcome of this decision, there is a succession of archetypical facilities and associated systems studies necessary to achieve goals for long-term energy needs through inertial fusion. These are briefly discussed.