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Fusion Science and Technology
Fukiushima Daiichi: 10 years on
The Fukushima Daiichi site before the accident. All images are provided courtesy of TEPCO unless noted otherwise.
It was a rather normal day back on March 11, 2011, at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant before 2:45 p.m. That was the time when the Great Tohoku Earthquake struck, followed by a massive tsunami that caused three reactor meltdowns and forever changed the nuclear power industry in Japan and worldwide. Now, 10 years later, much has been learned and done to improve nuclear safety, and despite many challenges, significant progress is being made to decontaminate and defuel the extensively damaged Fukushima Daiichi reactor site. This is a summary of what happened, progress to date, current situation, and the outlook for the future there.
Tatsuhiko Uda, Masahiro Tanaka, Takahiko Sugiyama, Taku Yamaguchi, Noriyuki Momoshima
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 54 | Number 1 | July 2008 | Pages 281-284
Technical Paper | Environment and Safety | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST08-A1813
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Atmospheric tritium concentrations at the National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS) Toki site of Japan, where the Large Helical Device (LHD) has been operating, were measured considering future deuterium plasma experiments and environmental safety. The major chemical forms of atmospheric tritium are water (HTO), hydrogen (HT) and methane (CH3T). Average tritium concentrations of HTO, HT and CH3T observed from January 2003 to March 2006 were 9.0 mBq/m3, 9.0 mBq/m3 and 2.0 mBq/m3, respectively. To examine about the systematic error of the air sampling device, we cross-checked with the sampling device of Kumamoto University. The values obtained with both devices were almost consistent. The HTO concentration principally depends on humidity in air. The HTO concentration in the collected water and the HT concentration tend to show seasonal variation. The atmospheric tritium levels measured at Toki were consistent comparing with another environmental values measured in Japan. The present atmospheric tritium monitoring would be useful for safety consideration.