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This division promotes the development and timely introduction of fusion energy as a sustainable energy source with favorable economic, environmental, and safety attributes. The division cooperates with other organizations on common issues of multidisciplinary fusion science and technology, conducts professional meetings, and disseminates technical information in support of these goals. Members focus on the assessment and resolution of critical developmental issues for practical fusion energy applications.
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Fusion Science and Technology
Fukiushima Daiichi: 10 years on
The Fukushima Daiichi site before the accident. All images are provided courtesy of TEPCO unless noted otherwise.
It was a rather normal day back on March 11, 2011, at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant before 2:45 p.m. That was the time when the Great Tohoku Earthquake struck, followed by a massive tsunami that caused three reactor meltdowns and forever changed the nuclear power industry in Japan and worldwide. Now, 10 years later, much has been learned and done to improve nuclear safety, and despite many challenges, significant progress is being made to decontaminate and defuel the extensively damaged Fukushima Daiichi reactor site. This is a summary of what happened, progress to date, current situation, and the outlook for the future there.
Satoshi Fukada, Yasushi Maeda, Yuuki Edao
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 54 | Number 1 | July 2008 | Pages 117-121
Technical Paper | Blanket Design | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST08-A1777
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The recovery of tritium, T, from neutron-irradiated Li by a Y plate was experimentally investigated, and a Y hot trap was designed to remove T from a flowing Li target loop of IFMIF. T generated in Li ranging from 0.01 to 0.05ppm in molar fraction was successfully removed by a Y plate at 300-500°C. The ratio of recovered T to generated one increased with temperature and immersion time. HT was the main chemical species of T that was released from Li, while HTO was the main one without Y absorption. SEM-EDX analysis revealed the transfer of not only T but also O originally included in Li as an impurity. Treatment of Y by HF was effective to remove oxides formed on the as-received Y plate and enhanced its hydrogenating rate. Conditions of a Y hot trap designed for the flowing Li target loop of IFMIF are given in the present paper.