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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
Jean Jacquinot, Martin Keilhacker, Paul-Henri Rebut
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 53 | Number 4 | May 2008 | Pages 866-890
Technical Paper | Special Issue on Joint European Torus (jet) | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST08-A1742
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The JET design, which started in 1973, introduced bold new concepts such as D-shaped plasmas in large tokamaks, a closed-loop tritium plant, and the use of beryllium as a first-wall material. It implied increasing by two orders of magnitudes the plasma volume and the heating power compared to the standard at the time. During the JET Joint Undertaking operation from 1978 to 1999, most of these design parameters were exceeded. After achieving all of its initial objectives, JET was upgraded and modified to establish H-mode scaling and to perform comprehensive studies of divertor and advanced tokamak concepts. JET holds all records in fusion power and energy and has allowed a unique experience in D-T operation to be gained. The JET results have made a decisive contribution to the scaling laws on which the basic layout and the dimensions of ITER are based. JET today under its new EFDA-JET organization is still the most powerful fusion device operating in the world, with potential to extend its performance even further. It has the essential mission to prepare for D-T burn in ITER and to train a new generation of scientists for developing fusion as an energy source.