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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Trump leaves space nuclear policy executive order for Biden team
A hot fire test of the core stage for NASA’s Space Launch System rocket at Stennis Space Center in Mississippi was not completed as planned. The SLS is the vehicle meant to propel a crewed mission to the moon in 2024. Source: NASA Television
Among the executive orders President Trump issued during his last weeks in office was “Promoting Small Modular Reactors for National Defense and Space Exploration,” which builds on the Space Policy Directives published during his term. The order, issued on January 12, calls for actions within the next six months by NASA and the Department of Defense (DOD), together with the Department of Energy and other federal entities. Whether the Biden administration will retain some, all, or none of the specific goals of the Trump administration’s space nuclear policy remains to be seen, but one thing is very clear: If deep space exploration remains a priority, nuclear-powered and -propelled spacecraft will be needed.
The prospects for near-term deployment of nuclear propulsion and power systems in space improved during Trump’s presidency. However, Trump left office days after a hot fire test of NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS) rocket did not go as planned. The SLS rocket is meant to propel crewed missions to the moon in 2024 and to enable a series of long-duration lunar missions that could be powered by small lunar reactor installations. The test on January 16 of four engines that were supposed to fire for over eight minutes was automatically aborted after one minute, casting some doubt that a planned November 2021 Artemis I mission can go ahead on schedule.
Y. Sawada, M. Toma, Y. Homma, W. Sato, T. Furuta, S. Yamoto, A. Hatayama
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 63 | Number 1 | May 2013 | Pages 352-354
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Understanding and control of impurity transport is one of the important issues to reduce the impurity in fusion plasmas. Being based on the Binary Collision Monte-Carlo Model (BCM), a numerical model for classical/neo-classical cross field transport of impurity ions in magnetic fusion devices is being developed. The purpose of the present study is to examine, step by step, whether our proposed model correctly reproduces 1) classical and 2) neo-classical transport processes of impurity ions. The numerical results agree well with theoretical values by classical theory. Not only self-diffusion, but also impurity flow in the direction along the background density gradient has been reproduced. In addition, good agreement of diffusion coefficient with neoclassical theory has been obtained in the wide range of collisionality parameter in a simple tokamak magnetic configuration.