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Fusion Science and Technology
Researchers report fastest purification of astatine-211 needed for targeted cancer therapy
Astatine-211 recovery from bismuth metal using a chromatography system. Unlike bismuth, astatine-211 forms chemical bonds with ketones.
In a recent study, Texas A&M University researchers have described a new process to purify astatine-211, a promising radioactive isotope for targeted cancer treatment. Unlike other elaborate purification methods, their technique can extract astatine-211 from bismuth in minutes rather than hours, which can greatly reduce the time between production and delivery to the patient.
“Astatine-211 is currently under evaluation as a cancer therapeutic in clinical trials. But the problem is that the supply chain for this element is very limited because only a few places worldwide can make it,” said Jonathan Burns, research scientist in the Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station’s Nuclear Engineering and Science Center. “Texas A&M University is one of a handful of places in the world that can make astatine-211, and we have delineated a rapid astatine-211 separation process that increases the usable quantity of this isotope for research and therapeutic purposes.”
The researchers added that this separation method will bring Texas A&M one step closer to being able to provide astatine-211 for distribution through the Department of Energy’s Isotope Program’s National Isotope Development Center as part of the University Isotope Network.
Details on the chemical reaction to purify astatine-211 are in the journal Separation and Purification Technology.
L. C. Ingesson, B. Alper, B. J. Peterson, J.-C. Vallet
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 53 | Number 2 | February 2008 | Pages 528-576
Technical Paper | Plasma Diagnostics for Magnetic Fusion Research | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST53-528
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This chapter reviews multichannel broadband measurement of the soft-X-ray radiation and total radiation in magnetically confined fusion plasma experiments. Common detector types used (including bolometers), details of their application, and interpretation of their measurements are described. An introduction is given to the application of computed tomography methods in the mathematical reconstruction of emission profiles from multiple (approximately) line-integral measurements, taking into account the specific circumstances common in magnetically confined fusion plasma experiments. Although the emphasis is on two-dimensional tomography of poloidal cross sections, the applications of Abel inversion, three-dimensional tomography, vector tomography, and other specific methods are briefly discussed. Several examples of the application and the plasma parameters that can be derived are given.