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Fusion Science and Technology
Fukiushima Daiichi: 10 years on
The Fukushima Daiichi site before the accident. All images are provided courtesy of TEPCO unless noted otherwise.
It was a rather normal day back on March 11, 2011, at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant before 2:45 p.m. That was the time when the Great Tohoku Earthquake struck, followed by a massive tsunami that caused three reactor meltdowns and forever changed the nuclear power industry in Japan and worldwide. Now, 10 years later, much has been learned and done to improve nuclear safety, and despite many challenges, significant progress is being made to decontaminate and defuel the extensively damaged Fukushima Daiichi reactor site. This is a summary of what happened, progress to date, current situation, and the outlook for the future there.
Brian J. Egle, John F. Santarius, Gerald L. Kulcinski
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 52 | Number 4 | November 2007 | Pages 1110-1113
Technical Paper | Nonelectric Applications | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST07-A1646
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The performance of a new Inertial Electrostatic Confinement (IEC) fusion device using a cylindrical anode and two different cathode geometries, spherical and cylindrical, was compared to an existing IEC device with two different sized configurations of spherical anodes and cathodes. Experimental data was generated at -30 to -150 kilovolts, 30 milliamps steady-state, and 0.3 Pascal of Deuterium (D) and/or Helium-3 (3He). The best neutron rate achieved by the new device in a D environment was 2.7 × 107 neutrons per second at 145 kV and 35 mA. In a D-3He environment, the best proton rate achieved was 2.0 × 107 protons per second at 130 kV and 30 mA. Both the D-D neutron rate and the D-3He proton rate were approximately 40% lower than the larger volume existing IEC device.