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Fuel Cycle & Waste Management
Devoted to all aspects of the nuclear fuel cycle including waste management, worldwide. Division specific areas of interest and involvement include uranium conversion and enrichment; fuel fabrication, management (in-core and ex-core) and recycle; transportation; safeguards; high-level, low-level and mixed waste management and disposal; public policy and program management; decontamination and decommissioning environmental restoration; and excess weapons materials disposition.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Fukiushima Daiichi: 10 years on
The Fukushima Daiichi site before the accident. All images are provided courtesy of TEPCO unless noted otherwise.
It was a rather normal day back on March 11, 2011, at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant before 2:45 p.m. That was the time when the Great Tohoku Earthquake struck, followed by a massive tsunami that caused three reactor meltdowns and forever changed the nuclear power industry in Japan and worldwide. Now, 10 years later, much has been learned and done to improve nuclear safety, and despite many challenges, significant progress is being made to decontaminate and defuel the extensively damaged Fukushima Daiichi reactor site. This is a summary of what happened, progress to date, current situation, and the outlook for the future there.
L. El-Guebaly, M. Sawan, I. Sviatoslavsky, P. Wilson, G. Sviatoslavsky, G. Kulcinski
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 52 | Number 4 | November 2007 | Pages 906-910
Technical Paper | Inertial Fusion Technology: Drivers and Advanced Designs | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST07-A1608
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The 3 GJ target with low repetition rate and thick liquid wall chamber presents the mainline choice for the Z-Pinch power plant. An engineering scoping assessment has been developed for two candidate breeders (Flibe (F4Li2Be)molten salt and Li17Pb83 liquid metal) to identify the design requirements and optimize the components' dimensions. Several important engineering features have been incorporated to improve the Z-Pinch performance. For instance, an advanced high-temperature steel-based structure could operate near 800°C, an advanced power cycle could achieve high thermal conversion efficiency approaching 50%, a low-activation F82H-based steel with controlled impurities will generate only low-level waste, and an innovative idea has been developed to establish jet flow using a sluice valve. This paper identifies self-consistent reference parameters and documents an interesting comparison between the candidate breeders, highlighting the fundamental differences in performance and the benefits and drawbacks of each breeder.