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Fusion Science and Technology
Fukiushima Daiichi: 10 years on
The Fukushima Daiichi site before the accident. All images are provided courtesy of TEPCO unless noted otherwise.
It was a rather normal day back on March 11, 2011, at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant before 2:45 p.m. That was the time when the Great Tohoku Earthquake struck, followed by a massive tsunami that caused three reactor meltdowns and forever changed the nuclear power industry in Japan and worldwide. Now, 10 years later, much has been learned and done to improve nuclear safety, and despite many challenges, significant progress is being made to decontaminate and defuel the extensively damaged Fukushima Daiichi reactor site. This is a summary of what happened, progress to date, current situation, and the outlook for the future there.
T. Norimatsu, J. Kawanaka, M. Miyanaga, H. Azechi, K. Mima, H. Furukawa, Y. Kozaki, K. Tomabechi
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 52 | Number 4 | November 2007 | Pages 893-900
Technical Paper | Inertial Fusion Technology: Drivers and Advanced Designs | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST52-893
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Recent progress on fast ignition (FI) and cooled Yb:YAG ceramic laser enable us to design an IFE power plant with a 1MJ-class, compact laser whose output energy is 1/4 of previous central ignition scheme. Basing on the FI scheme, we conceptually designed a laser fusion power plant driven with cooled-Yb:YAG, ceramic lasers. The cooled Yb-YAG ceramic was newly chosen as the laser material. We found that the heating laser for ignition could be constructed with the cooled Yb:YAG ceramics as well as the compression laser with acceptable electricity-laser conversion efficiencies including the electric power for the cooling system. A new reactor scheme for a liquid wall reactor that has no stagnation point of ablated gas was proposed.