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Fusion Science and Technology
Fukiushima Daiichi: 10 years on
The Fukushima Daiichi site before the accident. All images are provided courtesy of TEPCO unless noted otherwise.
It was a rather normal day back on March 11, 2011, at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant before 2:45 p.m. That was the time when the Great Tohoku Earthquake struck, followed by a massive tsunami that caused three reactor meltdowns and forever changed the nuclear power industry in Japan and worldwide. Now, 10 years later, much has been learned and done to improve nuclear safety, and despite many challenges, significant progress is being made to decontaminate and defuel the extensively damaged Fukushima Daiichi reactor site. This is a summary of what happened, progress to date, current situation, and the outlook for the future there.
Takeo Nishitani, Satoshi Sato, Kentaro Ochiai, Chuzo Kutsukake, Shigeru Tanaka, Yuichi Abe, Chikara Konno
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 52 | Number 4 | November 2007 | Pages 791-795
Technical Paper | Nuclear Analysis and Experiments | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST07-A1587
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Blanket neutronics experiments were conducted for the development of the water-cooled pebble bed type ITER Test Blanket Module (TBM) using the Fusion Neutronics Source (FNS). Slab mockup assemblies based on the water-cooled pebble bed ITER TBM including water panels and/or a breeder pebble layer were irradiated by 14 MeV neutrons. After the irradiation, the amount of tritium produced in the diagnostic Li2CO3 pellets or breeder pebbles is measured by liquid scintillation counting method. The C/E ratios for the tritium production rate in those experiments are within 1 ± 0.05. A plan of the neutronics test on ITER-TBM and the neutronic diagnostics in the module are discussed. Micro fission chambers and compact activation foil transfer systems to be embedded in TBM are proposed for the neutron flux and neutron spectrum measurements, respectively.