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Fusion Science and Technology
NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
Michael Andersen, Nasr M. Ghoniem
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 52 | Number 3 | October 2007 | Pages 579-583
Technical Paper | The Technology of Fusion Energy - High Heat Flux Components | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST07-A1551
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Tungsten is a candidate material for a variety of applications in Magnetic and Inertial Fusion Energy systems. Experimental data show that the surface of tungsten exposed to laser, ion, and X-ray irradiation undergoes substantial roughening. Control of surface conditions is essential to the design of these systems, since it can lead to crack formation, adverse effects on heat absorption because of emissivity changes, and eventual failure.We first review recent experimental data on the effects of laser, ion and X-ray energetic pulses on the evolution of a surface to identify the variety of patterns and length scales and their dependence on the type and magnitude of irradiation pulses. Then we present a model for the evolution of surface roughness as a result of the balance between destabilizing elastic strain energy caused by thermomechanical strains and near surface accumulation of defects on the one hand, and stabilizing surface and near surface atomic diffusion on the other. Results of the model determine the conditions for surface roughness evolution and the effects of radiation fluence and pulse intensity on surface morphology.