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Human Factors, Instrumentation & Controls
Improving task performance, system reliability, system and personnel safety, efficiency, and effectiveness are the division's main objectives. Its major areas of interest include task design, procedures, training, instrument and control layout and placement, stress control, anthropometrics, psychological input, and motivation.
2021 Student Conference
April 8–10, 2021
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
James P. Blanchard, René Raffray
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 52 | Number 3 | October 2007 | Pages 440-444
Technical Paper | The Technology of Fusion Energy - Inertial Fusion Technology: Targets and Chambers | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST07-A1527
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
A laser fusion chamber must absorb the energy emitted by the target in such a way that the plant can achieve a commercially viable power conversion efficiency. This must be accomplished with a design that can reliably withstand on the order of a billion shots. For a dry chamber wall, the key lifetime issues are thermo-mechanical effects resulting from the rapid heating, ion effects, such as blistering and sputtering, and radiation effects. These issues define the chamber size by providing flux limits for the various threats. In cases where a dry, unprotected wall cannot provide an adequate lifetime, measures must be taken to reduce the threat to the wall. Previously proposed approaches include filling the chamber with sufficient gas to stop the majority of the ions before they reach the wall or redirection of the ions by a cusp field. Other design trade-offs that must be addressed include the need to reduce heating of the target during injection and the need for adequate clearing of the chamber between shots. In this paper we provide a review of the chamber design approaches required for commercially viable laser fusion power plants, the issues driving those designs, and some system-level analyses that provide insight into the implications of these design issues for the overall economics of a commercial plant.