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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
A. Moro, A. Bruschi
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 52 | Number 2 | August 2007 | Pages 256-265
Technical Paper | Electron Cyclotron Wave Physics, Technology, and Applications - Part 1 | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST07-A1505
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Launching systems that use in sequence more than one mirror to direct and focus electron cyclotron (EC) waves with a sufficient steering capability in relevant absorption regions of fusion plasmas may produce general astigmatic beams. The double curvature of a generic reflecting surface, even induced by deformation effects in quasi-optical systems that handle high power, is an additional source of general astigmatism. Describing the propagation of general astigmatic Gaussian beams is a necessary step in the optimization phase of a complex EC resonance heating (ECRH) launcher, since simple astigmatism treatment does not reproduce the main feature of these beams, whose spot and phase ellipse orientation changes with propagation even in free space. The correct orientation for both spot ellipse and phase ellipse is one of the input key parameters to perform realistic calculations with beam-tracing codes, which aim to characterize a launching system in terms of localized heating and current drive efficiency. In this work we describe the influence of double-curvature effects and deformations on beam propagation in terms of beam dimensions and directions. In particular, we present an application of the theory of general astigmatic Gaussian beam propagation in vacuum to the case of the remote steering option for the ITER ECRH upper launcher. In this option beams are found to be strongly astigmatic, with a major/minor axis ratio in relevant absorption regions ranging from 2.3 to 4.4 in the cases examined. Furthermore, the major axis of the resulting spot ellipses presents an orientation angle variation (from the last mirror to the expected absorption regions) ranging from 9.1 to 22.8 deg in the cases investigated. The final orientation is close to a vertical direction with respect to the equatorial plane of ITER.