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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Fukiushima Daiichi: 10 years on
The Fukushima Daiichi site before the accident. All images are provided courtesy of TEPCO unless noted otherwise.
It was a rather normal day back on March 11, 2011, at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant before 2:45 p.m. That was the time when the Great Tohoku Earthquake struck, followed by a massive tsunami that caused three reactor meltdowns and forever changed the nuclear power industry in Japan and worldwide. Now, 10 years later, much has been learned and done to improve nuclear safety, and despite many challenges, significant progress is being made to decontaminate and defuel the extensively damaged Fukushima Daiichi reactor site. This is a summary of what happened, progress to date, current situation, and the outlook for the future there.
M. P. Mauldin, E. Giraldez, J. S. Jaquez, C. H. Shearer, Jr., R. B. Stephens, D. M. Woodhouse
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 51 | Number 4 | May 2007 | Pages 626-630
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST07-A1454
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The fast ignition concept is a proposed method to reach fusion by two separate processes. The task of the first process is the compression of fuel and the second is the ignition of the compressed fuel by a rapid and directed energy deposition. One delivery method of this energy can be in the form of focused proton beams and this type of fast ignition target will be discussed. The target designs consisted of gold and plastic cones with a curved proton-generating surface (aluminum) within the cone and very close to the tip. The challenges of the given target specifications led to a new cone design consisting of a cone base and cone tip made in two pieces with the proton generating surface sandwiched between. The fabrication of these targets consisted of several steps and processes that included making PAMS shell mandrels, sputter coating deposition, electroplating, precision machining, chemical etching, and target assembly.