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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Advanced reactors: Now comes the hard part
Designing a reactor is complicated but building one may be harder. Even companies that have had lots of practice haven’t always done it well. And all the power reactors in service today were built by companies that had years of experience in other kinds of big steam-electric power plants. In contrast, some of the creative new designs now moving toward commercialization come from start-ups that have never built anything at all. How should they prepare?
M. Theobald, F. Baudin, J. Barnouin, E. Pêche, S. Bednarczyk, O. Legaie, P. Baclet
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 51 | Number 4 | May 2007 | Pages 586-592
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST07-A1449
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
For the CEA Laser "Mégajoule" (LMJ) facility, amorphous hydrogenated carbon (a-C:H or CHx), is the nominal ablator for inertial confinement fusion (ICF) experiments. These capsules contain the fusible deuterium-tritium mixture in order to achieve ignition. Coatings are prepared by glow discharge polymerization (GDP) with trans-2-butene and hydrogen. They can be easily doped with germanium by adding tetramethylgermanium. The GDP technique is well known today and largely used in American and French laboratories. But the microshells for laser fusion targets have many stringent characteristics. Although the feasibility of the shells has been demonstrated, the goal is now to obtain graded germanium doped shells meeting all the specifications with a yield compatible with a production step.