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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Advanced reactors: Now comes the hard part
Designing a reactor is complicated but building one may be harder. Even companies that have had lots of practice haven’t always done it well. And all the power reactors in service today were built by companies that had years of experience in other kinds of big steam-electric power plants. In contrast, some of the creative new designs now moving toward commercialization come from start-ups that have never built anything at all. How should they prepare?
J. E. Rice, J. L. Terry, K. B. Fournier, E. S. Marmar
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 51 | Number 3 | April 2007 | Pages 451-459
Technical Paper | Alcator C-Mod Tokamak | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST07-A1432
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The Rydberg series (1s2 to 1snp) up to n = 14 of helium-like argon (Z = 18) has been observed from Alcator C-Mod plasmas using a high-resolution X-ray spectrometer array. High-n satellites to these lines of the form 1s22s to 1s2snp and 1s22p to 1s2pnp with 3 n 12 have been recorded. X-ray spectra of 2l - nl' transitions with 3 n 18 in molybdenum (Z = 42) and 3 n 12 in krypton (Z = 36) and niobium (Z = 41) from charge states around neon-like have also been measured. Numerous examples of the configuration interaction, which alters the line intensities in some transitions of neon-like ions with nearly degenerate upper levels, have been observed. Accurate wavelengths of all of these transitions (±0.5 mÅ) have been determined by comparison to neighboring reference lines from H- and He-like charge states. Line identifications have been made by comparison to ab initio atomic structure calculations, using a fully relativistic, parametric potential code. Measured line intensities have been compared with collisional radiative modeling that includes the contributions from dielectronic recombination and inner shell excitation rates, with good agreement.