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Fusion Science and Technology
Fukiushima Daiichi: 10 years on
The Fukushima Daiichi site before the accident. All images are provided courtesy of TEPCO unless noted otherwise.
It was a rather normal day back on March 11, 2011, at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant before 2:45 p.m. That was the time when the Great Tohoku Earthquake struck, followed by a massive tsunami that caused three reactor meltdowns and forever changed the nuclear power industry in Japan and worldwide. Now, 10 years later, much has been learned and done to improve nuclear safety, and despite many challenges, significant progress is being made to decontaminate and defuel the extensively damaged Fukushima Daiichi reactor site. This is a summary of what happened, progress to date, current situation, and the outlook for the future there.
Hidefumi Yamaura, Toshiki Takahashi, Yoshiomi Kondoh, Tomohiko Asai, Tsutomu Takahashi (19P59)
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 51 | Number 2 | February 2007 | Pages 373-375
Technical Paper | Open Magnetic Systems for Plasma Confinement | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST07-A1406
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Rotation of a Field-Reversed Configuration (FRC) plasma due to a resistive flux decay is numerically studied. When the anomaly factor is 10, the flux lifetime is found to be about 60 sec in a case that the external magnetic field is O.4 T and the wall radius is 0.17 m. Single-particle motions in a quasi-steady resistively decaying FRC equilibrium are calculated, and a local flow velocity is estimated by a particle-in-cell method. An electric acceleration of a betatron particle near the field-null is shown; this can cause a plasma rotation. From a comparison of the toroidal ion flow velocity profile between with and without the flux decay, it is found that the ion rotation begins at the field-null.